What Falls Under RSO

If you own rental property in the City of Los Angeles, it may be subject to the city’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance (RSO). Find out if your property falls under this ordinance and what you need to know to be in compliance. Generally, the RSO applies to rental properties that were first built on or before October 1, 1978, as well as replacement units under LAMC Section 151.28 and if any of the following:
  • Apartment
  • Condominium
  • Townhome
  • Duplex
  • Two or more single-family dwelling units on the same parcel
  • Rooms in a hotel, motel, rooming house, or boarding house occupied by the same tenant for more than 30 consecutive days
  • Residential unit(s) attached to a commercial building
  • Accessory Dwelling Unit (ADU)
  • Junior Accessory Dwelling Unit (JADU)
Mobilehomes and recreational vehicles in mobile home parks are also covered under the RSO.

What the RSO Covers

When Can Rent Be Increased

Rent increases that do not require LAHD approval 

  • Rent may be increased to the market rate if the tenant:
    • voluntarily moves out;
    • does not pay rent and is evicted;
    • violated the lease agreement and is evicted;
    • is evicted for failure to comply with a Tenant Habitability Plan; or
    • is evicted per a City Attorney order.
    • accepts a Tenant Buyout Agreement 
  • Rent may be increased once every 12 months by the allowable rent increase percentage (click here to view the allowable rent increase PDF). The landlord can add an additional 1% per utility paid by the landlord (gas and/or electricity). Effective March 30, 2020, through January 31, 2024, rent increases are prohibited for rental units subject to the Rent Stabilization Ordinance (RSO).
  • If an additional tenant moves into a rental unit: Landlords can increase the rent within 60 days of learning about the additional tenant. There is no increase for the first minor dependent child added to the existing rental unit. Rent increases for unauthorized additional tenants who moved between March 2020 and December 2023 must be provided an advance written notice of rental increase on or before March 1, 2024.
  • A $1.61 monthly surcharge may be collected by the landlord as the tenant’s portion of the Registration fee. Effective January 1, 2020, the surcharge is $38.75. The landlord may pass through 50% of the fee to the tenant every month rather than once a year.  A 30-day notice must be given to the tenant to collect a rental surcharge of $1.61.
  • Effective January 1, 2022, a landlord may collect 1/12 of 50% of the annual Systematic Code Enforcement Fee from the tenant of the rental unit per month. (Added by Ord. No. 187,108, Eff. 8/6/21.)
  • A $3.00 surcharge may be added to the rent for the installation and cost of a hard-wired smoke detector or a combination smoke/carbon monoxide detector.

Rent increases that require LAHD approval

  • Capital Improvement Program: Landlords can recover costs for improvements to the rental unit or common areas for items that benefit the tenant and will last at least five years (RAC Reg 210).

  • Primary Renovation Program: Landlords can recover costs for major renovations of building systems or to reduce exposure to hazardous materials (RAC Reg 220).

  • Seismic Retrofit Program: Landlords can recover costs for seismic retrofit work mandated by Soft-Story Ordinance No. 183893.

  • Rehabilitation Program: Landlords can recover costs for work in a unit or common area to comply with an order issued by LAHD or other government entities (RAC Reg 250).

  • Just and Reasonable Rent Increase: A landlord can apply for a rent increase when their net operating income adjusted for inflation is not sufficient to cover the property’s operating expenses (RAC Reg 240).

  • Luxury Exemption: A landlord can apply for an exemption from the RSO if they can establish the monthly rent charged on or before May 31, 1978,*.

How to Calculate Rent Increases and Surcharges.

Required Registration and Posted Notification of RSO Rental Units

  • All Properties with RSO rental units must post a notification. Click here to download the Notice.

  • All units rented or offered for rent must be registered annually with LAHD. New property owners have 45 days to register their rental property and if applicable, file Temporary exemptions.

  • Beginning in 2017, in addition to paying the annual registration fee, landlords must also complete the Rent Registry form.

  • Owners are responsible for the payment of annual fees; however, the cost of registration may be shared by landlords and tenants.
  • If the status of a previously exempted unit changes, the property owner must notify the LAHD and pay the applicable fees within 10 days.

Legal Reasons for Eviction

Tenant is at-fault

  • Failure to pay rent

  • Failure to fix or address a violation of the rental agreement

  • Creating a nuisance or causing damage to the rental unit

  • Using the rental unit for an illegal purpose

  • Failure to renew a similar rental agreement

  • Failure to provide the landlord with reasonable access to the rental unit

  • The person at the end of the lease term is a subtenant not approved by the landlord

Tenant is not at-fault

  • The owner or immediate family member will move into the rental unit

  • A resident manager will move into the rental unit

  • Demolition and permanent removal from the rental market

  • Government order

  • Conversion to affordable housing

Eviction Notices

All notices to terminate a tenancy for all rental units subject to City’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance (RSO) must be filed with the Los Angeles Housing Department (LAHD) within three (3) business days of service on the tenant per Los Angeles Municipal Code 151.09.C.9 & 165.05.B.5. Click here for more information.

Types of Evictions Requiring Payment of Tenant Relocation Assistance

Checklist for No-Fault Evictions

Keep Your Property Well-Maintained

Learn about the city’s regulations that protect the health, safety, and welfare of residents and whether your property is meeting City standards.

Landlord Services

We offer services for landlords that include workshops on the Rent Stabilization Ordinance, online bill payment, and registering a foreclosed property online, to name a few.

If My Property is Not Rent Stabilized

Even if your property is not covered under the Rent Stabilization Ordinance, you and your tenants have rights and responsibilities under the Just Cause Ordinance.

To Learn More About the Rent Stabilization Ordinance

View the Department’s calendar of events for free informational workshops. By clicking here, you can stay updated on new renter protections. Here you can pay your annual bill. Bill payment has never been easier. Login to your account online and view statements, apply for exemptions, and receive email notifications. It’s that simple. Create an account today.
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